How do you put grass into a personification? Chapter 5 Section 5. It had more than 500,000 scrolls. Lv 4. His efforts at Alexandria produced an almost seamless blending of Egyptian and Greek cultures as epitomized in his personal god Serapis. When did organ music become associated with baseball? place concurring and befriending the people of their country. All Rights Reserved. Mark, Joshua J. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The Hellenistic kings created new cities and military posts. This reference is found in all ancient literatures and inscriptions. These new Greek communities needed architects, artists, engineers, and philosophers. C. created a culture of wealthy priests. The gospels and epistles of the Christian New Testament were written in Greek and draw on Greek philosophy and religion as, for example, in the first chapter of the Gospel of John in which the word becomes flesh, a Platonic concept. The Spread of Hellenistic Culture objective Students will be able to demonstrate knowledge of ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western Civilization by: Explaining the conquest of Alexander the Great and the formation and spread of Hellenistic culture by Alexander the Great Essential Question How did the empire of Alexander the Great establish a basis for the spread of Hellenistic culture? Perga / Pergeby Irene Fanizza (Copyright). hellenistic rules encouraged Greeks and Macedonians to settle in the conquered lands. Hellenistic Culture: Philosophy, Literature and Art Hellenistic philosophy went through a peculiar evolution—or retrogression, it might almost be better to say. ... As people got to move around places more often, the Greek culture and way of life were spread across many borders and hence influenced many places. The Romans were far from tolerant of the beliefs of other nations unless they corresponded closely with their own. Hellenization, in fact, inspired one of the most popular Jewish holidays, Chanukah, which celebrates the liberation of the Temple of Jerusalem from the Syrian Greeks under Antiochus IV Epiphanes (175-164 BCE) who, according to the traditional story, tried to force Hellenic gods on the Jewish people and instigated the Maccabean Revolt of c. 168 BCE. Hellenistic culture blended Greek culture with those of the lands conquered by Alexander the Great, particularly Egypt and Persia. Alexandria also had a museum that brought people to study and do research. Alexander & the Spread of Hellenistic Culture - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives. However, Alexander the Great's conquests spread Greek culture like wildfire through all of Europe and some of the northern parts of Africa. How do you Find Free eBooks On-line to Download? Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. The concept of Hellenistic religion as the late form of Ancient Greek religion covers any of the various systems of beliefs and practices of the people who lived under the influence of ancient Greek culture during the Hellenistic period and the Roman Empire (c. 300 BCE to 300 CE). As the wars of the Diadochi settled down and finished, Hellenic influence continued to spread throughout their regions and Greek dedications, statues, architecture and inscriptions have been found in abundance in every locale. The spread of Hellenistic culture. How long will the footprints on the moon last? The third era of ancient Greek history was the Hellenistic Age when the Greek language and culture spread throughout the Mediterranean world. The Hellenistic Age was a time when Greeks came in contact with outside people and their Hellenic, classic culture blended with cultures from Asia and Africa to create a blended culture. At the same time Phillip was encouraging education and culture in his capital, however, he was reorganizing his army and enlarging it but the Greeks did not seem to notice. Related Content 360 300 B.C. TAKING NOTES Category Achievements astronomy geometry philosophy art. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? 2 King Philip IIs Macedonian Empire. So Greek culture is otherwise known as Hellenic culture to the rest of the world. The term "Hellenistic" was coined in 1836 CE by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen because he believed those three centuries were defined by the spread of Hellenism (Greek language and culture), and the term stuck. The states of the Hellenistic period were deeply fixated with the past and its seemingly lost glories. The Spread of Hellenistic Culture 5 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES • Archimedes • Colossus of Rhodes SETTING THE STAGE Alexander’s ambitions were cultural as well as military and political. Why was Alexandria so vital to the spread of Greek culture? He went on to take Syria from the Persians in 332 BCE and Egypt in 331 BCE. Koine (koy•NAY), the popular spoken language used in Hellenistic cities, was the direct result of Steven. Alexander spread Greek culture through Hellenistic culture, which is a combination of Greek and traditional cultures. Macedon was thought to be good for raw materials but little else until Philip II established the school at Pella and, even then, the reputation of the school came from the Greek scholars Philip employed, not from any Macedonian. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Philosophers, scientists, Artists, poets, and writers from Greece moved into the new Greek cities in Egypt and Asia and India. Philip took over as king of Macedonia ; Skilled military leader (16 x 16 phalanx) 338 B.C. This blending became known as Hellenistic culture. Relevance. Among the Hellenistic kings, Antiochus III of the Seleucid Empire was one of the greatest. What are the qualifications of a parliamentary candidate? Hellenistic culture was created when Alexander moved place to place concurring and befriending the people of their country. The Hellenistic World: The World of Alexander the Great. Alexander spread Greek culture throughout the Persian Empire, including parts of Asia and Africa. Many came to use Alexandria’s library. After Alexander’s death, his generals murdered his family and divided his short-lived empire among themselves into a number of kingdoms, including Macedonia, Egypt, and Syria. Alexander the Great (r. 336-323 BCE) of Macedon led his army on a series of campaigns which successfully conquered the then-known world from Macedon, through Greece, down to Egypt, across Persia, to India. With the support of roy… Alexander created the Hellenistic Age, a time when Greek culture mixed with the various cultures of Alexander's Empire. Relevance. This period was also an important era of the development of sciences. The Hellenistic Period was essentially a bridge that joined the Greeks and Romans into what experts of “big history” refer to as “Hellenic Civilization.” It was a period of turmoil, war, and expansion, when Macedonian Greek kings eschewed democracy but attempted to spread other elements of Greek culture to the east. The spread of Hellenistic culture. Language and philosophy were both exports from Greece at this time, and soon polytheistic Hellenism came into conflict with Christianity. At the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BCE, Philip II and his 18-year old son Alexander defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes and this victory enabled him to form the Pan-Hellenic Congress, with himself as its head, which established peace and effectively brought Greece under Macedonian control. It was a period of turmoil, war, and expansion, when Macedonian Greek kings eschewed democracy but attempted to spread other elements of Greek culture to the east. Hellenistic Impact on Indian Culture. Lv 4. The Hellenistic period followed the conquests of Alexander the Great (356-323 BCE), who had spread Ancient Greek culture throughout the Middle East and Western Asia, following the previous cultural period of Classical Greece.The classical period in Ancient Greek philosophy had begun with Socrates (c. 470-399 BCE), whose student Plato had taught Aristotle, who in turn had tutored Alexander. (34-35), Alexander the Great, Marble Headby Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA). 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